Metadata Standards

The list of tools below is organized alphabetically, and it represents a selection of the resources available to Digital Humanists. Many of these tools are actively updated, so please contact the DH@Bucknell Web Team if you find any outdated information or if you would like to suggest additional tools or software.

Bucknell University has site licenses and provides faculty, staff, and students with access to and support for a number of these tools; tools for which this is the case have “BU access” listed under pricing.


audioMD & videoMD

audioMD and videoMD are XML Schemas that detail technical metadata for audio- and video-based digital objects.  They often serve as extension schemas within the Metadata Encoding and Transmission Standard (METS) administrative metadata section.

Details

Website: https://www.loc.gov/standards/amdvmd/index.html
Open Source Software (OSS) or Proprietary? N/A
Pricing: Free


Bibliographic Framework Initiative

Initiated by the Library of Congress, BIBFRAME provides a foundation for the future of bibliographic description, both on the web, and in the broader networked world that is grounded in Linked Data techniques.

Details

Website: https://www.loc.gov/bibframe/
Open Source Software (OSS) or Proprietary? N/A
Pricing: Free


Dublin Core Metadata Initiative

The Dublin Core Metadata Initiative, or “DCMI,” is an organization supporting innovation in metadata design and best practices across the metadata ecology. DCMI’s principles of operation are: open consensus building, international scope and participation, neutrality of purposes and business models, neutrality of technology, and cross-disciplinary focus.

Details

Website: https://www.dublincore.org/
Open Source Software (OSS) or Proprietary? N/A
Pricing: Free tools and documentation available online; membership available for a subscription fee


Encoded Archival Description (EAD)

Encoded Archival Description (EAD) is an XML standard for encoding archival finding aids, maintained by the Technical Subcommittee for Encoded Archival Standards of the Society of American Archivists, in partnership with the Library of Congress.

Details

Website: https://www.loc.gov/ead/
Open Source Software (OSS) or Proprietary? N/A
Pricing: Free


International Image Interoperability Framework (IIIF)

The International Image Interoperability Framework (IIIF) seeks to give scholars an unprecedented level of uniform and rich access to image-based resources hosted around the world, to define a set of common application programming interfaces that support interoperability between image repositories, and to develop, cultivate and document shared technologies, such as image servers and web clients, that provide a world-class user experience in viewing, comparing, manipulating and annotating images.

Details

Website: https://iiif.io/
Open Source Software (OSS) or Proprietary? N/A
Pricing: Free


Library of Congress Description Format Standards

A list of various frameworks and description formats that are being developed and standardized for uses across various platforms.

Details

Website: https://www.loc.gov/librarians/standards
Open Source Software (OSS) or Proprietary? N/A
Pricing: Free


Metadata Encoding and Transmission Standard (METS)

The Metadata Encoding and Transmission Standard (METS) schema is a standard for encoding descriptive, administrative, and structural metadata regarding objects within a digital library, expressed using the XML schema language of the World Wide Web Consortium. The standard is maintained in the Network Development and MARC Standards Office of the Library of Congress, and is being developed as an initiative of the Digital Library Federation.

Details

Website: http://www.loc.gov/standards/mets/
Open Source Software (OSS) or Proprietary? N/A
Pricing: Free


Text Encoding Initiative (TEI)

The Text Encoding Initiative (TEI) is a consortium which collectively develops and maintains a standard for the representation of texts in digital form. Its chief deliverable is a set of Guidelines which specify encoding methods for machine-readable texts, chiefly in the humanities, social sciences and linguistics. Since 1994, the TEI Guidelines have been widely used by libraries, museums, publishers, and individual scholars to present texts for online research, teaching, and preservation.

Details

Website: https://tei-c.org/
Open Source Software (OSS) or Proprietary? N/A
Pricing: Free tools and documentation online; membership available for a subscription fee


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